Cairo, Egypt

the Triumphant City, known officially as al-Qāhirah is one of the world's largest urban areas and offers many sites to see. It is the administrative capital of Egypt and, close by, is almost every Egypt Pyramid, such as the Great Pyramids of Giza on the very edge of the city. But there are also ancient temples, tombs, Christian churches, magnificent Muslim monuments, and of course, the Egyptian Antiquities Museum all either within or nearby the city.

Cairo, Egypt is an amazing city full of life and movement, and it is that way almost 24 hours every day, with the noisy honking of horns, children playing in the streets and merchants selling their wears and services. And here, the Egyptians are most at home in this powerful, modern and ancient city

Cairo, Egypt provides great culture, including art galleries and music halls, such as the Cairo Opera House, as well it should, being one of the largest cities in the world. It also provides some of the grandest accommodations and restaurants in the world, such as the Four Seasons and the Cairo Marriott.

Cairo offers an incredible selection of shopping, leisure and nightlife activities. Shopping ranges from the famous Khan el-Khalili souk, (or bazaar) largely unchanged since the 14th century, to modern air-conditioned centers displaying the latest fashions. All the bounty of the East can be here. Particularly good buys are spices, perfumes, gold, silver, carpets, brass and copperware, leatherwork, glass, ceramics and mashrabiya. Try some of the famous street markets, like Wekala al-Balaq, for fabrics, including Egyptian cotton, the Tentmakers Bazaar for appliqué-work, Mohammed Ali Street for musical instruments and, although you probably won't want to buy, the Camel Market makes a fascinating trip. This is, and has been for over a thousand years, truly a shopper's paradise
The most important tourist attractions in Cairo
Egyptian Museum

The Egyptian Museum in Cairo. Contains the largest collection of ancient Egyptian antiquities, and competed the British Museum and the Louvre and the Metropolitan Museum (New York). The club are the Egyptian Museum in Tahrir Square the heart of Cairo since 1906, contains a museum exhibit on the impact of Pharaonic 136 thousand, in addition to hundreds of thousands of effects found in warehouses
Story began with the establishment of the museum world's attention after the great Egyptologist deciphering the Rosetta Stone at the hands of the French scientist Champollion. • The first nucleus of the museum at the small house in a pond where the old Uzbek was Muhammad Ali Egyptian antiquities registration and transfer of fixed effects the value of the Museum of Uzbek and that in 1848. • After the death of Muhammad Ali returned the theft of antiquities again and walked to his successors approach Alihdaouat Vtdhaelt the museum's holdings. • In 1858 was appointed (Mariette) as the first officer (for occupancy Antiquities) any (corresponds to current head of the effects). It was found that to be an administration and the Museum of the effects, therefore the selection of the Bulaq to create a museum of Egyptian antiquities and transfer to the effects found during Hvairh (such as the effects of the tomb of Ah-hotep). • In 1863 the Khedive Ismail, the adoption of the project to establish a museum of Egyptian antiquities, but project was not implemented, but contented himself with giving Mariette (defined digit) in front of Alontekkhanp in Bulaq to expand the museum. • In 1878 occurred in very high, causing flooding of the Nile to flood Bulaq Museum and the loss of some of its contents. • In 1881 the museum reopened in the same year he died and was succeeded by Mariette (Maspero) as Director of Antiquities and Museum. • In 1891 when grown Groups Bulaq Museum was transferred to Galatasaray Giza. • When was the world (de Morgan) as interest and the museum has re-coordination of these groups in the new museum, which was known as the Museum of Giza. • In the period from 1897 - 1899 CE, it says Loret Loret successor at Morgan. • But Maspero returned once again to manage the interest and the museum of 1899 - 1914 CE and in 1902 was conveyed to the effects of the current building of the museum (in Tahrir Square) and was more active in his work the second world, Ahmed Kamal Pasha, who was the first to specialize in effects Ancient Egyptian and worked for many years in the museum. • As the first director of the Egyptian Museum was as a (Mahmoud Hamza) was appointed in 1950. • This has been a brief guide to the museum to develop due to the footing in 1883 but he has done a great guide for the new museum under the printing and reiterates in 1915 and so far (but with a set of amendments). The most important contents of the museum: • The museum is on two floors devoted to the ground, including the effects of heavy The upper has been allocated for the effects of light and complete sets (such as the Group of Tutankhamun). • The museum includes a large number of Egyptian antiquities from prehistoric times until the end of the Pharaonic era in addition to some of the effects of Greek and Romanian. We recall, for example, the museum's holdings: 1 - A group of pottery (from prehistoric times). 2 - Narmer Palette (the age of monotheism). 3 - Statue of Khasekhem (family 2). 4 - Statue of Djoser (Family 3). 5 - statues of Khufu / Khafre / Menkaure (Family 4). 6 - Statue Kaabbar / statues of domestic (family 5). 7 - Statue of dwarf SNP (Family 6). 8 - Statue of Mentuhotep Nebhepetre (family 11). 9 - statues of Amenemhat I / II / III (family 12). 10 - Ka Statue of King Hor (family 13). 11 - statues of Hatshepsut / Tuthmosis III (family 18). 12 - Group of Tutankhamun (family 18). 13 - Treasures of Tanis Group

Khan el-Khalili

Khan al Khalili, one of the oldest markets in the Middle, a little older than 600 years, and still remains on the original architecture is unchanged since the Mamluk era until now. Migrated by a large number of dealers in the city of Hebron and Sknoh and by now there is a community of people of Hebron to live and work and trade them attributed Khan al-Khalili in Cairo and has been called this name because of its founder, and is one of the Mamluks, the princes was called Yarkas Khalili, a city of Hebron.

If we go back to a sort will be back much of the Arab Itana months (Maqrizi), which says that the Khan square building surrounding the courtyard and large similar to the agency, including the bottom of the class shops, including the upper classes stores and housing, was called by that name in relation to the origin al-Sharif (Al-Khalili), which It was great merchants in the era of Sultan plum in 1400

Citadel of Salah al-Din
Citadel of Saladin in Cairo, Egypt. Built by Saladin in the period 1176 to 1183, using prisoners of Norman. Added to the Muhammad Ali mosque. Was the headquarters of the rule of Egypt since the days of Saladin (1183) until the transfer of Khedive Ismail, the seat of government to Abdeen Palace, which was built for this purpose in the contract of 1860. Citadel of Salah al-Din is located in the castle district - Department of Caliph - has been erected on one of Raby separate from Mokattam on the outskirts of Cairo. 

The Citadel of Saladin in Cairo of the most prestigious military fortresses built in the Middle Ages Vemoqaha strategic first-class provided by this site, including the importance of the defensive because it controls the cities of Cairo and Fustat, as it constitutes a natural barrier between the two cities as high that this site can provide connectivity between The castle and the city in the state of siege as it will become the last bastion of a sit-in the case if the city fell to the enemy. 

Over these many majestic castle and many historic events which saw the walls of different historical events through the ages Ayyubid, Mamluk and time of the French campaign on Egypt in 1798, and even took the rule of Mohammed Ali Pasha returned to Egypt, where prosperity and greatness. Sultan Salah al-Din Yusuf ibn Ayyub first thought of building a castle on a hill in the voice in 572 AH / 1176, where he and the vizier Baha Eddin Al Assadi Karakus, demolished mosques and tombs that were present on the sound in order to build the castle, where it is the workers carved the rock and find a trench artificially separation of the cliffs of the sound increase in the vulnerability and strength

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